The Pomo group of people (a branch of the Hokan language family) ranged southward from beyond Clear Lake as far as the Santa Rosa plain, reaching into our valley from the northwest. Their name refers to the red earth of the region near the present-day community of Pomo, in Mendocino County. They are known to this day as masters of basket weaving and jewelry making.
Before contact with Europeans in the early 19th Century, the Pomo lived in hundreds of small independent communities, speaking several different languages but linked by geography and marriage. They relied upon fishing, hunting, and harvesting native plants for their daily food supply, and were a somewhat nomadic people who gathered in small groups. The Bitakomtara Pomo may have been actually two separate groups, with one located at the headwaters of Santa Rosa Creek in the Mayacamas range and the other in Santa Rosa.